Date of issue: 

The results of years of research have confirmed the presence of copper necessary for proper growth and metabolism of the cells of all living organisms. Both deficiency and excess of this element is harmful to plants and animals. For this reason, a precise and developed organisms subject to the adjusting mechanism of genetic control the copper concentration within the cell. Observations of model organisms such as bacteria, yeast or higher animal mutants and humans with a genetic defect in the metabolism of copper led to the discovery of two groups of proteins involved in the transport of this element: ATPases necessary to maintain a constant concentration of copper cation in the cells of organisms pro-and eukaryotic cells. The second newly discovered group of proteins involved in the transport of copper within the cell are so-called metallochaperones. They bind cations of copper taken up by the cell and provide the appropriate organelle.

Author of the article: 

The Editorial Board
Andrzej Łukaszyk - przewodniczący, Zofia Bielańska-Osuchowska, Szczepan Biliński, Mieczysław Chorąży, Aleksander Koj, Włodzimierz Korochoda, Leszek Kuźnicki, Aleksandra Stojałowska, Lech Wojtczak

Editorial address:
Katedra i Zakład Histologii i Embriologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Poznaniu, ul. Święcickiego 6, 60-781 Poznań, tel. +48 61 8546453, fax. +48 61 8546440, email:

PBK Postępby biologi komórki