H1 histones in plants - an unexpected features of the universal elements of the epigenetic

H1 histones in higher plants have all the typical characteristics of this class of chromatin structural proteins , as well as in animals , are found in chromatin as nieallelicznych different variants. Due to a considerably simpler construction than in the animals and a smaller number of variants , plants, Arabidopsis thaliana , in particular , are extremely convenient universal model to study the mechanisms underlying the biological function H1 organisms in complex tissue .

Epigenetic control of plant development by polycomb group proteins and tritorax

The program of gene expression during development of plants and animals is controlled by epigenetic mechanisms . This control can be accomplished by methylation / demethylation of DNA or methylation / demethylation of specific lysines in histones H3 and H4 . Polycomb group proteins ( PcG ) is responsible for maintaining repressed genes and the group of proteins tritorax ( trxG ) genes maintained in the active state . Methylation of lysine 9 and 27 in histone H3 lysine 20 methylation and histone H4 results in gene silencing .

Signaling pathway heterotrimerowych G proteins in plants

In animals, a number of extracellular signals to modify specific cellular processes via specific receptors that activate a variety of G protein heterotrimers Activated G proteins are able to induce intracellular signaling pathways through activation of effectors mainly catalyze formation of second messenger .

Genomic imprinting in plants

The phenomenon of genomic imprinting occurs in both animals ( mammals ) and plants ( flowering plants ), and consists of seemingly nierównocennej expression of imprinted genes derived from the father and mother in offspring ; alleles derived from one of the parents are muted. This article presents the Issues of imprintingiem genomowynm associated with plants . In flowering plants the embryo and endosperm are the result of double fertilization, a characteristic only for this group of plants.

The Editorial Board
Andrzej Łukaszyk - przewodniczący, Zofia Bielańska-Osuchowska, Szczepan Biliński, Mieczysław Chorąży, Aleksander Koj, Włodzimierz Korochoda, Leszek Kuźnicki, Aleksandra Stojałowska, Lech Wojtczak

Editorial address:
Katedra i Zakład Histologii i Embriologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Poznaniu, ul. Święcickiego 6, 60-781 Poznań, tel. +48 61 8546453, fax. +48 61 8546440, email:

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