ZNAJDŹ ARTYKUŁ

PHYTOCHEMISTRY, NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL VALUE OF OLIVE

Olive (Olea europaea) exists majorly in Mediterranean areas, various parts of Africa and tropical & central Asia. It can be used as a food, for clinical purpose, and it also plays an important role in cosmetic field. The importance of this plant has also been described by the last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). Olive plant has complex botanical parts which include tree, fruit, leaf, branches and bark. The olive majorly comprised of three kinds of chemical compounds i.e., oleic acid, phenolics and squalene.

PHYTOCHEMISTRY, NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL IMPORTANCE OF ALMOND

Almond belongs to the Rosaceae family commonly known as Prunus dulcis. Almond kernel extract contains phytochemicals as well as fatty acids, phenolic acids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, phytosterols and vitamins. The major fatty acids were linoleic acid (15.43%) and oleic acid (76.23%). These outcomes show that almond extraction is a rich source of fatty acids, soluble lipid vitamins, phytosterols, flavonoids, phenolic compounds. Moreover, these results are important in the science of nutrition, because these chemicals seem to have a significant health effect.

PHYTOCHEMISTRY, NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICIANL VALUE OF KIWI FRUIT

Current studies were performed to review the phytochemistry, nutritional and medicinal value of kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa). Kiwi is one of the richest sources of vitamin C, vitamin E along with folate, phenolic compounds, dietary fibers, and sufficient amount of essential minerals including zinc, copper, potassium so rate as a, highly healthy food. Having immense amount of vitamin C, it is highly recommended for bones and teeth issues, also to heart patients to avoid narrowing of arteries.

PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF MORINGA OLEIFERA ITS NUTRITIONAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE

Moringa oleifera is regarded as a multipurpose plant. It is an excellent source of nutrients, natural energy booster and a nature’s medicine cabinet. This plant contains numerous important compounds e.g., glucose, rhamnose, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, methionine, cysteine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, lysine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, alanine, threonine, glycine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. It is used a food in many countries because it is rich in important nutrients including vitamins (A, B and K), minerals (K, Ca, Zn, Fe, P).

DIETARY PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS IN PLANTS: THEIR ANTIOXIDANT AND PHARMACOLOGICAL POTENTIAL

The phenolic compounds from plants have a significant role in human diet as antioxidants. Their main sources are fruits, vegetables and beverages etc. However, by-products from food and agriculture also have valuable amounts of phenolic antioxidants. These phenolic compounds are effective in curing of many diseases including cancer, cardiovascular, contagious, viral and inflammatory diseases.

ORIGIN, PHYSIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND BIO-MEDICAL IMPORTANCE OF PROPOLIS

Current studies were performed to evaluate the medicinal importance of propolis and its origin and physiochemical composition depending upon the nature of vegetations present in various localities. The propolis contains a myriad of chemical compounds such as flavonoids, esters, phenolic acid, amino acids and terpenoids. Different analytical techniques (e.g., TLC, GC, HPLC, MS, NMR and GC-MS) are used for the characterization of various constituents of Propolis.

REVIEW; CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL OF ASPHALTUM PUNJABIANUM (SHILAJIT)

Asphaltum is produced by the decomposition of plants on rock’s surface; the secretions of plants i.e. latex, gums and resins. An unprocessed asphaltum may contain fulvic acid, humic acid, amino acid, essential fatty acids, gums proteins, waxes, steroids, and vitamins. It also contains plenty of calcium and trace amounts of aluminum, magnesium, potassium, and iron, etc. Asphaltum has so many therapeutic applications because of its two major and primary compounds i.e. fulvic acid and dibenzo-α-pyrones.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND REMEDIAL PERSPECTIVES OF HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES LINN

HippophaeRhamnoides Linn (Sea buckthorn) is athorny nitrogen fixing deciduous shrub. Itfinds a lot of importancedue to its very rich vitamins A, B1, B12, C, E, K, and P; carotenoids, lycopene, phytosterols and flavonoids.Itstherapeutic value is owed to the presence of potent antioxidants.SBT reduces level of stress hormones and increase hypoxic tolerance in animals demonstrating its anti-stress andadaptogenic activity.

Redakcja
Andrzej ŁUKASZYK – przewodniczący, Szczepan BILIŃSKI,
Mieczysław CHORĄŻY, Włodzimierz KOROHODA,
Leszek KUŹNICKI, Lech WOJTCZAK

Adres redakcji:
Katedra i Zakład Histologii i Embriologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Poznaniu, ul. Święcickiego 6, 60-781 Poznań, tel. +48 61 8546453, fax. +48 61 8546440, email: mnowicki@ump.edu.pl

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