Apoptosis is a natural process at reproductive age in women. It concerns granulosa and thecal cells. This process influences on the amount of ovarian follicles, luteal corpus sufficiency and on steroidogenesis and menopause. Apoptosis cause normal function and homeostasis of ovarian cells. Knowing the mechanism of apoptosis in human ovary to optimalize the management in endocrinologia disorders and neoplasmus.

Implantation of the embryo

The paper presents the phenomenon of implantation. Discussed the mechanisms of its individual stages: apposition, adhesion and invasion. It explains the mechanisms of hormonal regulation and paracrine these phenomena. Attention is paid to the interaction of the embryo and the endometrium. The complexity and complexity of the mechanisms controlling the implantation mean that even a slight disturbance of homeostasis of the organism leads to a reduction of fertility.

The importance of the fallopian tubes in reproduction

Oviduct is an environment for sperm capacitation , fertilization , embryo development and transport . Its rear wall : serosa , smooth muscle and mucous membrane , covered with cylindrical epithelium . It is divided into three cell types . The proportion varies in different parts of the fallopian tube. The first is the snapshot cells , which determine , among other things gametes and embryo transfer in the light of the fallopian tube. The second type is a secretory cells that produce and secrete specific glycoproteins . Third cells are przypodstawne .

The Editorial Board
Andrzej Łukaszyk - przewodniczący, Zofia Bielańska-Osuchowska, Szczepan Biliński, Mieczysław Chorąży, Aleksander Koj, Włodzimierz Korochoda, Leszek Kuźnicki, Aleksandra Stojałowska, Lech Wojtczak

Editorial address:
Katedra i Zakład Histologii i Embriologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Poznaniu, ul. Święcickiego 6, 60-781 Poznań, tel. +48 61 8546453, fax. +48 61 8546440, email:

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